Professor Reuven Feuerstein formulated the theory of structural cognitive modifiability (SCM) and mediated learning experience (MLE) in the 1950s, as a response to the need to save the children who survived the Holocaust. Professor Feuerstein founded the Hadassah-WIZO-Canada Research Institute, which became the International Center for the Enhancement of Learning Potential (ICELP), and is now the Feuerstein Institute. He has fostered the development of programs for the assessment and intervention of learning and development, based on his theories, that have generated a new field of application—dynamic assessment and the improvement of cognitive functioning. These programs have been disseminated throughout the world, and have been translated into more than 17 languages. He continued to develop his concepts, to stimulate scholars and practitioners from all corners of the world, and to see and help children and families almost to the day he passed away at the end of May 2014, at the age of 92.