Publication Date: July 3, 2020
This guide teaches middle, high school, and college students how to reflect on what is right, good, and fair and then undertake research to address challenges in their curriculum and communities. The approach is deliberately designed to make it easy to bring ethical thinking and analytical problem-solving to the social studies and STEM curricula, as well as to experiential and inquiry-based learning such as project-based and service learning. Organized around the steps in the social science research method, each step can be linked to curriculum and national standards and taught individually as stand-alone lessons or sequentially as part of a semester or yearlong research seminar. The text includes sample lesson plans, assignments, research questions, research tools, and research reports, as well as examples of concrete policy implementation and the kinds of evidence that can be used to assess and evaluate student work.
William Tobin is research fellow with the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University. Valerie Feit is co-director of school counseling and enrichment coordinator for Rye Neck, New York School District.
What Is Tools for Change?
What Is the TfC Guide?
How to Use the TfC Guide
Research = Inquiring with Intention
TfC Research Steps:
Step 1. Perspective: Developing Engaged Perspectives
Step 2. Question: Identifying and Framing Empirical Research Questions
Step 3. Conversation: “Conversing” with other Researchers and Writing a Literature Review
Step 4. Design: Developing a Plan to Collect Data to Answer a Research Question
Step 5. Data: Researching with Integrity: Ethical Data Collection
Step 6. Analysis: Analyzing Data to Answer a Research Question
Step 7. Implementation: Putting New Knowledge to Use
Appendix A: Student Self-assessment Rubric Elements
Appendix B: Seeing and Being Rubric
Appendix C: Student Team Leadership Rubric
About the Authors